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The Mole (Talpa Europaea) can be found throughout the UK mainland but is not present in Ireland or some of the off shore islands of the UK. It is a subterranean creature that feeds mainly on earth worms, slugs and insect larvae, their breeding season is usually from February to June, Following a four week gestation period the female gives birth to between 2-6 young who are born blind and without fur, the young develop quite rapidly and are ready to leave the nest after only five weeks.
Moles are solitary and very territorial creatures, and only break from this solitary life during the mating season. The earth excavated from their tunnels is pushed upwards forming hills on the surface of of the land, one mole over a period of time can produce as many as one hundred molehills.
The presents of molehills can be a problem for farmers who rely on pasture land for hay and silage to feed their livestock through the winter months, the soil from the hills contaminates the grass when cut making it unfit for consumption. The presents of mole hills on golf courses, football pitches and recreational areas can be unsightly and pose a health and safety risk.
There are two methods of controlling moles the first is the use of aluminum phosphide pellets, the success of this method is dependant on the moisture content of the soil. And the second is the use of traps which can be labor intensive and time consuming.
The Mole (Talpa Europaea)